To Know your skin type is important, as well as the cause, and how to take care of them to have an amazing beautiful skin that gives you that confidence you want. it helps in determining your skin-care routine and the kind of product to use. Skincare products are often chosen with your skin type in mind, if these are out of balance the skin tends to suffer from product reactions like skin allergy, skin burn, sensitivity, dryness, and can even make your skin condition worse.
When the right skin-care product is chosen and used for the skin type, it helps improve the texture and appearance of your skin, while protecting from effects of sun, pollutants, and other problems that can also have a negative impact on your skin.
How to Know Your Skin Type
STEP 1: Wash your face with ordinary water to remove all dirt and oils.
STEP 2: Pat face dry with soft towel and leave skin bare. Don’t apply moisturizer or serum, allow the skin act naturally.
STEP 3: Resist the temptation to touch or rub your face for 1 hour. Then, look closely and know the quality of your skin.
Now that you learn how to identify your skin type, let’s dive in and learn more about the characteristics each skin types possess, the causes and how to care for your type of skin and keep it in the right track of amazing looking and beautiful skin.
Visible and appearance of enlarged pores, skin looks greasy and shiny, noticeable excess production of oil on the face, neck, shoulders and back, you experience frequent acne outbreaks like pimple and blackhead. The oily skin type hardly experiences wrinkle because of the moisture produced by the skin.
Causes: Oily skin results from overproduction of sebum (oil) from the sebaceous gland. This can be primarily genetic makeup, other causes can be a hormone, climatic condition (humid climate), over-drying the skin that triggers its production of more oil.
Care for Oily skin
- Avoid over-drying your skin either naturally or applying skin products that can dry out your skin of its natural oils.
- Avoid oil-based moisturizers, cleansers, and makeup they dry out the skin which may trigger your skin to produce more oil in defence. This can worsen your skin condition.
- Always keep your skin hydrated
- Cleanse your skin twice daily, avoid over-cleansing it could strip your skin of essential oils.
- Exfoliate twice weekly to get rid of dead skin cells.
- Use moisturizers that are lightweight to keep your skin hydrated.
Dry skin is prone to age lines and sensitivity too, your skin looks flaky, dull and stretched, skin pores not visible, and you always feel like your skin is not moisturized enough. This type of skin produces less oil.
Causes: Genetically, dry skin is predisposed to produce less oil, hormonal imbalance, too much hot shower or bath, dry climatic condition, medications, and age (metabolically, skin get drier and thinner as one get older).
Care for Dry skin
- Avoid alcohol and sulfate-based product, they stripe your skin of its natural oils.
- Try not to use too hot water during shower or bath, it reduces the skin moisture content.
- Keep your skin hydrated and moisturized.
- Apply moisturizers immediately after the wash
- When choosing moisturizers go for heavyweight ones, that contain natural essential oils.
Your T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) is always oily, has larger pores or breaks out, the cheeks and other areas dry or normal, mild skin sensitivity and you can experience blackhead around nose at times. Combination skin can also mean that your skin is dry in the winter and oily in the summer. That means your skin type changes seasonally.
Causes: Genetic make-up, overproduction of oil in the T-zone, using a wrong product for the skin type, and overuse of skin product on some skin area than others.
Care for Combination Skin
Combination skin can be very tricky to care for since you have to address two different issues at a time, or changing your skincare routine every season.
- Use separate products to target the oily T-zone and dry areas of the skin.
- Or use a product that can restore skin balance.
- If your skin type change with the season, use a skin product that suits that particular season skin type.
You have smooth and clear skin, no blemish or excess oily, occasional dryness or breakouts go away quickly, normal skin pores, and your complexion appears balanced. The normal skin type rarely experiences a reaction to products.
Causes: Genetic make-up is responsible for the normal skin type, and favourable climatic conditions that can neither make the skin too oily nor too dry.
Care for Normal Skin
- Normal skin type is the easiest to care for, by keeping a well-balanced and consistent skin-care routine.
- Normal skin is the first skin type to show signs of ageing, always endeavour to include anti-ageing and hydrating products in your skin-care routine.
- To prevent early signs of ageing, start including anti-ageing products in your skin-care routine as soon as the early ’20s.
If your skin is prone to skin allergies causing redness, irritation and rashes, that is a sign you have sensitive skin type, your skin may react to a new product, prone to sunburn, always get razor bumps when you shave.
Causes: Unfortunately, apart from genetics there are a number of external factors that can contribute to sensitive skin, and can be tough to single out the root cause. Among those factors are, hormonal fluctuations, weather (heat and cold), dry climate, hard water, and harsh chemicals on your skin-care products and fragrance.
Care for Sensitive Skin
- Sensitive skin type needs tender care, and they look amazing when treated as such with the right choice of product.
- Always practice 24 hours test patch on skin before applying new products to your entire body.
- Products with lots of synthetic fragrance and heavy chemicals should be avoided.
- Is best to stick to products with basic ingredients that are organic and safe.